Tibet, on the lofty Tibetan Plateau on the northern side of the Himalayas, is an autonomous region of China. The geography of Tibet consists of high mountains, rivers and lakes. Tibet is often called the “roof of the world” as it stands over 3 miles above the sea level. Most of the Tibet sits atop a geological structure known as Tibetan Plateau, which includes the Himalaya and many of the highest peaks in the world.
Geographically Tibet consist three different regions:
The Northern Plateau or Chang Tang
This region covers almost half of the Tibet’s total surface area and is the largest natural region in Tibet and is surrounded by great range Karakoram in the west, Nan Shah range in the north east and by the walls of Astin Tagh in the north. The climatic condition of this region is very harsh so it is inhabited sparsely.
The Outer Plateau
This is the second largest region and is the main area of human settlements. It shares Himalayas in the southern boundary. The climate of this region is milder so offers the varieties of flora and fauna.
The Southeastern Plateau
This is very small region of the Tibet, which covers only 1/10th of Tibet’s total area. It has a mild climate and sufficient rain therefore is almost covered by Forest.